Gustavus Swift developed the disassembly line, applying industrial production systems to meat processing in That the corporate form captured Edison was not surprising because large corporations that first arose with the railroads before the Civil War were coming to dominate the American economy during the Great Merger movement of the s.
They lamented the rise of large corporations, which to them were synonymous with monopoly.
Read more about Black Hawk War. One of the forgotten reforms of the period, the Foran Act ofoutlawed contract labor, but the law proved difficult to enforce. Since cities were the focal points of industrialization, urban citizens suffered disproportionately when production waned.
Some immigrants could wrap themselves in the mantle of Americanism if they were "white" and Protestant. Industrial progress in a nation the size of the United States would have been difficult without the unifying influence of a transcontinental railroad system. Being able to ship products great distances transformed the nature of economic activity in the United States.
The rapid spread of the railroads provided the basis for a tremendous westward movement of population. Carnegie ran his companies with a dictatorial hand; his factories operated around the clock and workers were burdened with long hours.
He promised the U. The Federal, State, and local politicians gave land grants and government contracts to their friends and supporters for public works Ballam, During the first years of the Civil War immigration declined, but by it had rebounded tonew arrivals.
They settled in northeastern and midwestern cities and on western and midwestern farms. In the North, they lived in segregated neighborhoods, faced violence, and were given the worst jobs. During these years there was a net immigration of approximately 7, people into the United States.
Unlike Marsh, Edward Drinker Cope was an early achiever. Racists had previously claimed that superior Anglo-Saxons would inevitably replace "inferior" races. Where at the beginning of the century exports composed about 10 percent of farm income, they amounted to between 20 and 25 percent by the end of the century.
Tesla also developed the electric sewing machine for home and industrial use, and a wide array of industrial applications for electricity. The excellent online resources of the Library of Congress include a collection of Panoramic Maps of cities and towns of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In terms of yields per acre, American farmers ranked far below Europe. Read more about Oregon Territory. Learn more about the War Of The War of did have a clear loser, however: Their scientific data alone provided great advances, including the discovery of new plants and previously unknown species and subspecies of animals.
State University of New York Press, Arable free lands grew scarcer during the s, forcing more and more land seekers west into arid lands beyond the 98th meridian.
Antimonopolists, including farmers, small businessmen, and workers in the Knights of Labor and other organizations, agreed on the problem, but often differed on the solution.
The Second Industrial Revolution took local communities and their new products out of the shadow of large regional agricultural based economies which was assisted by new labor forces and production techniques.
This treaty also defined the western borders of the Louisiana Purchase, which had been somewhat vague.
Edgar Thomson and Cornelius Vanderbilt. The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century. Traffic control towers and traffic lights—the mechanical solution to a problem inspired by industrialization—also appeared for the first time during this era.
To counter these unequal tendencies, New Yorkers developed the idea of the cooperative, where many people bought a single building and managed it themselves.
Beginning with the Great Railroad Strike ofthrough the Great Upheaval of that culminated in the slaughter at Haymarket Square, then through the Homestead StrikePullman Strikeand more, the largest confrontations often involved violence and the intervention by state or federal governments to repress the strikes.
Inventions during the Second Industrial Revolution were interconnected. In many ways the antimonopolists were successful. Funding for three transcontinental railroads was enacted in the Transcontinental Railroad Act.The rise of industrial America, the dominance of wage labor, and the growth of cities represented perhaps the greatest changes of the period.
Few Americans at the end of the Civil War had anticipated the rapid rise of American industry. The Civil War Essay. American History, The Civil War After the Constitution was adopted by all of the States inuniting the States into one nation, differences between the States had been worked out through compromises.
Industrialization After the Civil War Assignment Industrialization After the Civil War Strayer University- HIS August 3, After the Civil War, the United States went through a period of rapid industrialization which affected the nation dramatically. Although the economic and social problems of the first Industrial Revolution distressed many, these concerns were set aside during the nation’s bloody Civil War ().
The following maps demonstrate the advancement of the railroad before the Civil War (as always, click to enlarge image): U.S.
Railroad Map, 19th Century. Industrialization after the Civil War John E. Brown Strayer University HIS Contemporary U. S.
History Professor Anthony McCormack November 9, Industrialization after the Civil War When the Civil War was declared over, the United States became a better nation because of the Constitutional Amendments that were passed outlawing slavery and giving the government as well as the state.
NYS Regents Review - Global History II - The Cold War, Economic Issues After WWII, Communism in China, Decolonization, The Middle East After WWII, The Collapse of Communism The Cold War The Cold war was fought between the ___.Download